Friday, Apr 20, 2018
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Aquaponics provide fish, plants a symbiotic relationship



The relaxing sound of trickling water echoes through Hank Brinzer's attached greenhouse in Clinton, Pa. Underneath a bench filled with lush plants, goldfish unknowingly feed seedlings as the water splashes into their tank. It's hydroponics with a fishy component.

"I've always been a tinkerer," the semi-retired 67-year-old gardener said with a laugh.

His introduction to gardening came at 14 when his mother handed him a shovel to turn over the family's large garden. He has gardened at this home for more than 30 years, starting conventionally and eventually turning to raised beds and organic techniques.

"Every year seem to get better and better," he said proudly.

He wanted to try hydroponics, and set up two types of growing systems in the greenhouse. Three months ago, on a visit to a hydroponic equipment store, he discovered aquaponics, in which fish water is used to feed the plants. The system there is more complex than his, but the principles are the same.

His 30-gallon fish tank is equipped with a pump on a timer. Every three to four hours, water is pumped up into trays filled with plants. The water slowly drains through an overflow back into the fish tank below. It's a system in the hydroponic community called ebb and flow. The plants live off what the fish provide; no other nutrients are added. Judging from Mr. Brinzer's deep green plants and budding flowers, they are getting everything they need. As Mr. Brinzer slips a marigold plant out of its brown clay pot, he reveals thick white roots ready for the garden.

It's a symbiotic relationship. The fish provide nutrients from their waste products and the plants filter the water before it's returned to the tank. Basically, bacteria break down the toxic ammonia in fish waste turning it into nitrogen, one of the nutrients for growing plants. The water is a little green but the fish seem as happy as the plants they are helping to grow.

Through trial and error, Mr. Brinzer found what he needed to best support the plants. In his research, he found the Aztecs used fish to feed their plants.

"It's in its infancy again," he said of aquaponics, "but it's coming around."

Mr. Brinzer spent only $30 for the trays and pump and about 49 cents each for the five or six goldfish. The fish tank came from a friend and he already had the lighting. There are tomatoes, marigolds, herbs, peppers, cucumbers, and cuttings of jasmine and geraniums thriving in the aquaponics system. The only thing besides the cuttings that weren't started from seed was a stevia plant bought from Janoski's Farm and Greenhouse.

Bathed in artificial white light while sitting in front of his prized plants, Mr. Brinzer reflected on what it is that he gets of gardening this way -- "the joy of watching it grow, learning something new."

The Block News Alliance consists of The Blade and the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Doug Oster is a staff writer for the Post-Gazette. Visit his garden blog at gardeningwithdoug. Twitter: @dougoster1.

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