Fair trial for Zimmerman


The trial of George Zimmerman, which has opened with jury selection, will address the legal charges against the former neighborhood watchman in the death of Trayvon Martin. But long after the jury reaches its verdict, what happened in Sanford, Fla., on the evening of Feb. 26, 2012, will continue to be litigated in living rooms, barrooms, and Internet chat rooms.


That is partly because the evidence is ambiguous, and only one of the two men who clashed that night is still alive. But it also reflects the fact that so many Americans have invested themselves emotionally in one of two competing narratives about what occurred.

If Mr. Zimmerman is acquitted, some of those who have called for “justice for Trayvon” will probably continue to believe that the 17-year-old was the innocent victim of an unprovoked and racially motivated attack. If the defendant is convicted of second-degree murder or manslaughter, some who have trumpeted his innocence will keep insisting that he acted in self-defense.

Still, most Americans will be willing to accept the outcome of the trial if it is perceived as fair not only to Mr. Zimmerman, whose liberty is at stake, but also to the memory of Mr. Martin. So far, the Florida judicial system seems to be striking the proper balance, protecting the rights of the accused without allowing his lawyers to turn the proceedings into a game of “blame the victim.”

The presiding judge denied a request by Mr. Zimmerman’s lawyer that he be allowed to refer in his opening statement to Mr. Martin’s use of marijuana, his history of fighting, or his suspension from high school. But she left open the possibility that some character evidence might be admissible later in the trial.

For example, if the prosecution were to argue that Mr. Martin was a habitually reserved and retiring personality, the defense might be able to use some of the currently prohibited information to contradict that assertion. But the judge should be vigilant about allowing Mr. Zimmerman’s attorney to shift the focus to Mr. Martin’s personal failings.

It is vital that jury selection be meticulous in screening out candidates who are unable to put aside preconceptions about Mr. Zimmerman or Mr. Martin. Some 500 prospective jurors have been summoned. That might seem excessive for the selection of a six-member jury, but given the level of pretrial publicity, the court is right to cast a wide net.

The death of Mr. Martin was a tragedy, and the initial hesitation of authorities to pursue the case was unpardonable. But whether Mr. Zimmerman is guilty as charged is a question that must be answered on the basis of the evidence about what occurred that night — not on irrelevant characteristics of either the defendant or the deceased.

— Los Angeles Times