Mike Gupta, Twitter's chief financial officer, photographs a board at the post before shares begin trading during the IPO, on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, Thursday, Nov. 7, 2013. If Twitter's bankers and executives were hoping for a surge on the day of the stock's public debut, they got it. The stock opened at $45.10 a share on its first day of trading, 73 percent above its initial offering price. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)
NEW YORK — An unexpectedly strong jobs report gave stocks a lift today.
The gains were led by banks, such as Bank of America and JPMorgan, which stand to benefit from a pickup in lending as the economy strengthens. Consumer-focused stocks such as Priceline.com and Disney also rose after reporting higher profits, and Gap soared after raising its earnings forecast.
The jobs survey left investors grappling with how to interpret this week’s surprisingly strong economic data and what it means for the Federal Reserve’s economic stimulus program. On Thursday the government reported that U.S. economic growth accelerated in the third quarter. The Fed’s stimulus has helped power this year’s stock rally.
“We’re walking a tight wire with the Fed,” said Rob Lutts, Chief Investment Officer at Cabot Money Management. Lutts said the job survey was positive because it showed the economy was improving, but perhaps not strongly enough to assure that Fed policymakers will pull back on its bond-buying program before the end of year.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 index was up 18 points, or 1 percent, to 1,765 as of 2:27 p.m. Eastern time. The Dow Jones industrial average was up 110 points, or 0.7 percent, to 15,702. The Nasdaq composite rose 56 points, or 1.5 percent, to 3,914.
The reaction to the jobs report was more notable in the bond market than in the stock market. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note jumped to its highest level in six weeks as investors sold bonds. Rising interest rates are also a boon to banks because it means that they can lend to their customers at higher rates.
The yield on the 10-year note jumped to 2.75 percent from 2.60 percent on Thursday, its highest level since Sept. 20. JPMorgan Chase rose $1.91, or 3.7 percent, to $53.55. Goldman Sachs gained $2.38, or 1.5 percent, to $162.
Housing stocks were among the biggest decliners today.
Higher Treasury yields lead to higher mortgage rates, and that in turn can hurt demand for homes. Lennar fell $1.25, or 3.6 percent, to $33.03. PulteGroup dropped 61 cents, or 3.5 percent, to $16.90.
The government reported that U.S. employers added 204,000 jobs in October, an unexpected burst of hiring during a month in which the federal government was partially shut down for 16 days. The job additions were far greater than the 130,000 economists were expecting, according to FactSet, a financial data provider.
It was the second piece of unexpectedly robust economic news that Wall Street received in the past two days. The Commerce Department said Thursday that the U.S. economy grew at a 2.8 percent annualized rate in the third quarter, better than the 2.5 percent rate economists were looking for.
The Federal Reserve has been buying $85 billion worth of bonds each month since last December to keep long-term interest rates low and boost the economy. The program has also helped drive up stock prices by making bonds look expensive by comparison.
The impact of the Fed’s stimulus on the stock market’s rise has been overstated, compared to factors such as rising corporate earnings, said Liz Ann Sonders, chief investment strategist at Charles Schwab. Removing the stimulus would likely benefit the economy by removing one uncertainty facing business, she said.
“It’s time we rip the Band-Aid off,” Sonders said. “If it’s the data that supports it, all the better.”
Among other stocks making big moves:
— Gap rose $3.32, or 8.8 percent, to $41.06 after the retailer reported solid gains in sales for October and gave an upbeat profit forecast for its third quarter.
— Priceline rose $47.81, or 4.7 percent, to $1,071 after the online booking company said its profit rose 40 percent in the third quarter, as bookings for flights, rental cars and hotels rose.
— Walt Disney rose $1.37, or 2.1 percent, to $68.53 after the company’s earnings rose 12 percent in its fiscal fourth quarter, beating analysts’ expectations.
— Twitter fell $2.39, or 5.3 percent, to $42.50 on the social media company’s second day of trading. The stock surged 73 percent above its IPO price on Thursday.