INDIANAPOLIS -- Poor academic scores could create a very different kind of madness in March.
A record 10 men's basketball teams, including Toledo and three-time national champion Connecticut, will be banned from next season's NCAA tournament because of sub-par work in the classroom. UConn becomes the first BCS school to face a postseason ban in either of the two most prominent college sports based solely on the annual Academic Progress Rate scores, released Wednesday by the NCAA.
Each of the schools fell below the mandated cut line of 900 on their four-year scores. The APR measures the classroom performance of every Division I team. This year's data calculates rates from 2007-08 through 2010-11.
Joining the Huskies on the sideline next March will be Arkansas-Pine Bluff, California-Riverside, Cal State Bakersfield, Jacksonville State, Mississippi Valley State, North Carolina-Wilmington, Texas A&M-Corpus Christi, Toledo, and Towson.
For the 2010-2011 school year, Toledo's men's basketball program had an APR of 869, the lowest of the school's 16 Division I sports. The Rockets face a postseason ban, a reduction of practice time by one day and four hours per week and a loss of three regular-season games, including two home games. The Mid-American Conference has also barred UT from playing in the league tournament.
Toledo's women's soccer and women's swimming programs had APRs of 990, while Toledo's baseball team (976) had the highest APR of any of the school's six men's programs.
Sixteen of Bowling Green's 18 sports have multiyear APRs of 950 or higher, and seven had a single-year rate of 1,000, including women's tennis, which has the highest APR score among MAC women's tennis teams. Bowling Green's football team had a multiyear APR score of 951.
Ohio State's football team registered one of the highest APRs nationally, finishing fourth among FBS schools with a mark of 988. The Buckeyes trailed only Northwestern (995), Duke (989) and Boise State (989).
OSU's basketball team, which lost two scholarships after reporting a four-year APR of 911 in 2007-2008, continued to improve with a score of 962.
The men's and women's volleyball teams and men's and women's tennis teams achieved perfect marks.
Michigan's football team had an APR of 943, while its mens and women's basketball teams and men's and women's tennis team had APRs of 1,000.
Cal State Bakersfield, which became a full-fledged Division I member in 2010-11 and does not yet have a conference affiliation in basketball, could still be removed from the banned list because some its data is still being evaluated.
"I think if a [BCS school] didn't make it, it would look really bad," Ohio University professor David Ridpath said last week. Ridpath is also past president of the NCAA watchdog The Drake Group.
All the banned teams, including Connecticut, face additional sanctions of losing a minimum of four hours of practice time per week, which must be replaced by academic activities. The penalties could create an unusual scenario for the seven affected conferences.
Not only will UConn and the other teams be ineligible for NCAA play, but league officials could also rule them ineligible for the individual conference tournaments. If that happens, it could force changes in the tourney pairings.
Big East presidents have already said any team ineligible for the NCAA tourney will not be allowed to compete in conference tournaments, including UConn.
"We'll have to adjust the bracket accordingly," Big East associate commissioner for men's basketball Dan Gavitt said Wednesday, noting the Huskies could still win an appeal to the Committee on Academic Performance. "Until CAP makes that final determination, we're not going to have any comment. We wouldn't change the brackets. We would accommodate it in such a way that it would work. We would just have to eliminate a game and move someone up on the line."
None of this was a surprise to Connecticut, which had a four-year score of 889 and lost an appeal to the NCAA for a waiver that would have allowed it to play in next year's tourney. School officials contend if the NCAA used the team's two most recent scores, 826 in 2009-10 and 978 in 2010-11, UConn's two-year score would be 902 and argued that school's self-imposed changes are already producing better academic results.
Other conferences face more uncertainty.
Two leagues, the Southwestern Athletic Conference and Colonial Athletic Association, each have two teams facing postseason bans. Four others -- the Big West, Mid-American, Ohio Valley and Southland -- all have one team on the list. They have not yet said what they will do with the ineligible teams.
But the penalties could have a significant impact.
"If there's one, two, three, four different teams in any given conference, it would have a major impact in how the bracket, how the tournament is run, ticket sales, television exposure," Gavitt said "I think that's the goal of the presidents -- to make the penalties more meaningful."
NCAA rules allow each individual conference to determine how to award their automatic bid. In addition to banning ineligible teams from league tournament play, they could give the automatic bid to the regular-season champ or tourney runner-up if an ineligible team won the postseason tourney.
Or they could forfeit the bid, which is the unlikeliest scenario.
Only three football teams received postseason bans -- Hampton, North Carolina A&T and Texas Southern. All are members of the Football Championship Subdivision and are considered historically black colleges or universities. The only other teams to get postseason bans were Central Connecticut State in men's soccer and Northern Colorado in men's wrestling.
In all, 54 teams fell below the 900 mark with roughly 80 percent (43) of them coming from what the NCAA defines as limited-resource schools.
The new four-year average of 973 represents a three-point increase over last year's report, and scores in each of the four most visible sports also went up. Baseball jumped six points to 965, men's basketball had a five-point increase to 950, while women's basketball (970) and football (948) both improved by two points.
Single-year APR averages have increased every year since 2004-05, the second year data was collected, though only slightly from 2009-10 (973.8) to 2010-11 (974.0)
The most recent one-year scores for men's basketball and baseball both decreased from last year's report. Men's basketball went from 951.6 to 950.9, while baseball slipped from 966.6 to 963.9 over the same period. In football and women's basketball, the one-year numbers both increased slightly in this year's report.